Cultivation of climbers / Guidebook
Climbers are not demanding plants. They grow quickly and look beautiful as a decoration in the garden.
When choosing climbers, we should be familiar with the requirements for a given species / varieties. Most climbers don’t require much work, but you should provide them with a support, because as the name suggests, a climber must climb. There is a climber for everyone, no matter the purpose (a climbing plant, groundcover, ornamental, fruitful). Climbers can be found in many different colours, fragrance, flowering at different times of spring / summer /autumn, rapidly growing almost a few cm every week.
Climbers are not demanding plants, they grow quickly, look beautiful as a decoration in the garden, they are perfect for the architecture of the city. Please remember a few rules in the cultivation of climbers :
• providing a support (building wall, fence, trellis, bower, arch gates, tree, etc.). Appropriate support is chosen taking into account the growth of climbers, method of picking and its size
• not too dry and nutrient-full substrate,
• it is very important to cut them, so that climbers do not climb up electrical wiring, clog gutters, overgrow the roof.
Heat-loving climbers are only suitable for some areas of Poland; Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinesis), Knotweed Aubert (Fallopia aubertii), Trumpet Creepers certainly should not be planted in the north-eastern parts of the country. Ideally suitable for our climate due to its resistance are Actinidia, Oriental Bittersweet, Boston, Climbing Hydrangea, Hops. Please note that frost will not damage Knotweed Aubert. Young seedlings should be covered in winter.
Ivy, Dutchman's-pipe grow very well in the shade. Actinidia, Schizandra chinensis, Climbing Hydrangea, Honeysuckles, Boston, Alpine Clematis: “Ville de Lyon”, ”Clematis Dr. Ruppel” are suitable for partial shade. Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinesis), Trumpet Creeper, Porecelain berry (Ampelopsis breripendunculata), Frost Grape (Vitis riparia) are best suited for full sun.
Most climbers are satisfied with ordinary garden soil, with a fertilizer application every 2-3 years. Some of them require fertile soil and these are: Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinesis), Clematis. Acidic soils are tolerated by: Porcelain berry, Honeysuckles and Climbing Hydrangea. Oriental Bittersweet and creepers can be planted in poor soil. Moist soils are best for most climbers, especially for the Dutchman's Pipe, climbing Hydrangea, Ivy, Hops and honeysuckles. Trumpet Creepers, Oriental Bittersweet, Goji Berry and botanical clematis can be successfully planted in dry soil. If the climbers are planted in pots, watering them should be considered, especially on hot days.
Creeper Boston climbs smooth walls without supports. Thanks to its suckers it easily climbs walls. Other self-cling climbers which, thanks to their adventitious roots easily climb up rough surfaces, tree trunks, rocks, stone walls are: Ivy, Hydrangea, American Trumpet Creeper. Upon contact with the ground their stems turn into roots so they firmly adhere to the support and form a covering.
• The trunks of older trees for self-cling plants
• Gates for not very tall climbers
• The walls for self-cling plants and those with mustache type clings
• Wires for vigorous vines, such as Actinidia, wisteria, grape Vine
• Cords for light climbers
• Grating moved about 10 cm away from the wall, for practically all climbers
• trellis for low and tail-cling plants
• pergolas for strong climbers and grapevines
• arbor for fragrant grapevines